新鮮人求職面試攻略! 解析最常被問的 面試問題

面試問題 是所有求職者必準備的項目,面試官會問什麼問題? 那些面試問題是陷阱?每個行業和職位的問題多少會有所不同

有些面試問題,像是自我介紹、說明自身優缺點、對主管和同事的期望等,是最多人被問到的,針對面試常見的問題,如何巧妙地回答才能從眾多競爭者中脫穎而出?

最常見的面試問題,該如何應對?

大學期間,我做過不少短期工作,橫跨餐飲業、補教業、公家部門、私人企業,大小公司都有實習經驗,正式的實習經驗有3個 – 從公家部門、電商平台、到新創科技公司

當然,大學應徵過的工作更是數十種,每次面試時,不外乎會有幾個必被問的問題,根據所有的面試心得,我整理出最常被問到的面試問題,也將分析面試官問問題的目的,及該如何巧妙地回答

面試問題 開頭 – 請你自我介紹

不論到哪一個公司,通常面試一開始都免不了做簡單的自我介紹,公司要測驗的是應徵者的口條和組織能力,要在短時間內口述自己的經歷,一定要講重點,連結和該職缺相關的經歷,而不是所有生平事蹟都敘述。

自我介紹不但是開場,更是讓人留下深刻印象的最好機會,關於面試自我介紹技巧,可以參考另一篇文章【面試技巧 攻略! 333數字化 面試自我介紹 保證面試官對你印象深刻】

面試問題 基本題 – 你優什麼優勢? 有什麼缺點?

優點就是優勢,有哪些優點和個人特質可以被應用在工作,對公司產生正面的影響。關於缺點,也是值得探討的題目,每個人都會有缺點,真正重要是,我們如何看待自己的缺點,並有沒有試圖改變,這才是公司看重的點。

大多數的人不會願意改進自己不好的地方,或許是不願改變,或許是不知道缺點何在,但當你有決心改變,甚至實際做出改進,那就贏了大部分的人了!

建議事先準備好自己的優點和缺點各3個,盡量和職場工作能產生連結的,不要講得很籠統,像是我是個積極認真、負責任、有同理心的人,這些形容可以套用到太多人身上,最好是搭配實際例子,像是在過往生活或工作中的實際案例,佐證自己是符合這些人格特質的!

為什麼想來應徵我們公司的這個職缺? 對此職缺的了解有多少?

知己知彼,百戰百勝,除了認識自己之外,對於你面試的職缺和公司也要先做功課。如果你本就是該公司的粉絲,或是對該職位很有熱忱,那不會是個問題;但若你連自己都不知道為何要到這個公司面試該缺額,那人家絕對沒有裡有要錄取你。

找到自己的興趣(熱忱),不論有沒有經驗,在面試中展現自己的熱忱,針對該產業或是產品做些研究,分析競爭者、該公司的優勢、如何讓公司做得更好等任何提案,做足這些功課,在面試中有自信地表達出來,絕對是分常加分的表現!

題外話,我大三升大四那年的暑假,到台灣XX電商實習。在面試前幾星期,我告訴自己一定要全力以赴,於是,上網蒐集很多資料,練習使用他們的APP,甚至寫了一份1頁產品優劣勢&改進方向的提案,並親自請學校教授給予反饋。

在面試時,我真的交出這份1頁提案,雖然很明顯感受得到面試官沒有認真看(當時我還太弱吧),但最後還是被錄取了!

當你下定決心要做好一件事的時候,你會全力以赴,想盡辦法用盡一切資源,讓自己離目標更進一步!

上一份工作(or社團活動)中有什麼learning?

在學校中,很多老師看重的是過程,但在現實的職場中,更看重的是成效。在商場上,所做的事都要有結果,不論結果是好是壞,不然就是在浪費時間,可以針對過往的相關經歷,敘述有哪些成效? 和團隊有沒有一起成長並達成目標?

如果沒有好的成效,也沒有關係,也可以針對過程中的學習作切入,像是學習在短時間內和不同人共事,強化了自己的適應力和團隊合作能力,或是自己從陌生的領域學習,並在幾個星期後,成長飛速,甚至可以教導前輩,展現自己的自我挖掘力以及獨立工作的能力。

為什麼從上一份工作中離職?

從離職的原因可以看出不少端寧,若求職者頻繁更換工作,每段工作時間都不長,那他會被歸類成不夠穩定;如果他的每份工作的性質都差很多,那他可能對自己的職涯規畫還沒有很明確的目標;若求職者抱怨前東家,指責老闆或公司文化的不是,那他很可能到哪都會是個愛抱怨的人。

關於為何離職的問題,到底該怎麼回答? 最好能展現即使離職,也是因為自己積極想要找到更適合自己、發展更有前途等原因,最好讓面試官看出你是對現在這職缺或是公司有興趣才來應徵,總之,儘管離職的原因是和前東家有衝突導致的,也不要在面試時展現出來,畢竟人人都不喜歡愛抱怨的人吧~

在別人眼中,你是什麼樣的人?

非常客觀的問題,自我介紹誰都會,大多數的人還是以第一人稱視角(自己的眼觀)看待自己,畢竟活了數十年,我們似乎已經夠了解自己,但有時,更了解我們的是周圍的朋友或同事。對於做人處事,我們不見得詳細地看清自己,難免會忽略自己的缺點,又或是自大而膨脹自己。因此,從他人的角度看他自己,會客觀許多

不彷問問看知己好友,或是曾共事過的同事,自己是什麼樣的人? 具有那些優缺點? 如果能從不同的人身上問出一些相同的答案,且你原本不知道自己具備這樣的特質: (例如: 你原本不知道自己是個負責任且積極努力的人,但在幾位同事眼中,你就是這樣的人)那恭喜你! 又更了解自己了!

從他人眼中做自我介紹,可以更客觀,也更有可信力!

除了此職缺,你還有應徵其他公司的職缺嗎?

顯然地,面試官想知道你對該職缺和產業的興趣程度。同時面試很多家公司是再正常不過的,但所應徵的職位是否有相關? 相關性高不高? 若相關性高,那基本上是件好事,代表你對該產業或職位有極高的興趣。

反之,找的工作性質相差很大,例如: 同時面試業務 & 行銷 & 面試 PM,可能是你都很有興趣,或是還不知道自己想要什麼,網路上有專家建議,若已打算讓面試官知道你同時面試這麼多不同種類的工作(不一定要誠實招出),可以盡量把不同工作的相似點串聯起來,再說明貴公司的該職缺是最有挑戰性的且發展性最好,是自己最有興趣的。

你對主管(或同事)的期望?

公司招聘人,不見得要找能力最出類拔萃的人才,而是要找最適合公司文化、個性契合的人。尤其在小公司,更講究每個人的性格,畢竟江山易改,本性難移,如果公司文化很活潑,卻找了個有沉默寡言、不善言詞的人(需要大量溝通的崗位),那對雙方都不好。

因此,建議可以事先準備好功課,分析該公司的文化是屬於哪種? 公司理念和網站所表達的調性是如何的? 不需要回答的太詳細,畢竟太詳細可能讓人覺得你要求太多。

面試問題 接近尾聲 – 是否有其他問題想問我們?

所有面試必備的題目,一定要事前準備好功課,可以針對該公司未來短中長期規劃、該職缺需要怎樣特質的人、產品層面、客群層面等做切入,不要說我沒有問題,不然人家會覺得你沒有求知慾也不夠積極。老闆或主管的時間都很寶貴,哪怕最後面試沒有通過,我們身為求職者,需把握任何可以跟面試官請教的機會,可以拘謹但也不要太過嚴肅,給人自然不做作的感覺即可。

其他可能會問的題目:

為何你待業時間這麼久?

待業期間你在做什麼?

專業題目 – 考邏輯 or 該領域的知識與應用案例

對加班的看法,是否能接受加班?

期望待遇是多少?

新鮮人所有面試心得總結

這些都是我的面試心得,也是一般人在面試時最常被問到的問題,可見許多題目的背後都面試官想打探的消息,如果能在面試前,蒐集好公司的資訊,釐清自己的目標,對職涯有短中長期的規劃,再好好練習這些最常被問到的面試題目,那就離收到錄取通知的那一刻更進一步啦!

福利: 推薦知名部落客 – 明淳說,以職場生活為主題,有許多實用文章分享職場大小事,對新鮮人來說,必能從中學習良多!

祝福在求職的各位,能找到自己所愛的公司/職缺!

推薦文章:【大公開! 法國留學要多少錢? 法國留學費用】

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    Others. Objectives not related to those listed, but agreed and approved by the creditor.

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